Valorant Wiki

Competitive (also known as Ranked) is a game mode in VALORANT. It uses the same in-game rules and format as Unrated, but with a focus on higher-stakes competition.


See also: Unrated

Competitive has the same gameplay rules as Unrated. In brief summary, two teams of five players select their agents. One team starts on Attack and the other on Defense. To win a round, the attacking team must kill all enemy Defenders or detonate the spike. The defending team must kill all enemy attackers, prevent the spike from being planted, or (if the spike has been planted) defuse the spike (killing all enemy attackers will no longer be enough to win the round should defusing be required). Before each round start, players have 30 seconds to buy weapons and utility, get into position, and set up any utility. Each round lasts 100 seconds, which is reset to 45 seconds if the spike is planted. The game is split into two halves; after 12 rounds, teams will swap sides. The first team to reach 13 rounds wins the game.

Competitive does however have a different system for resolving 12-12 games, going into Overtime instead of Endgame. In Overtime, the teams play two rounds, one on attack and one on defense. For all players in every round, they get 5,000 credits and have their ultimate points set to being 3 short of what they need to use it. If a team wins both these rounds, they win the game. If both teams win one round each, Overtime repeats again and again until either one team wins both rounds and wins the game or the players vote to end the game with the result being a draw for both teams. Each vote will happen with every new Overtime set. To end the match in the draw, the first vote needs 6 votes in favor, the second vote needs 3 votes in favor, and every other afterwards needs only 1 vote in favor.

There are slight differences with surrendering. Competitive requires a unanimous vote instead of the usual 80% from Unrated to be able to surrender.

Accessing and playing Competitive[]

Starting in Episode 04, to be able to play Competitive, players must have reached Account Level 20. Accounts that have not yet reached level 20 but have already played Competitive before 4.0 will still be able to play Competitive. Forfeited games will not count towards this requirement for the team that forfeited.


Players can queue into Competitive with up to five people in a stack or party, excluding parties with four players. Matchmaking takes party size into account, and will attempt to match them with opposing teams who have a similar party size. Parties of five will always match against enemies who are in parties of five as well, thus expecting queue times to be longer. In general, the ranks within a party must fit within the restriction range to be eligible to play Competitive:

Party restriction range
Player's rank Within rank range
Parties of two Parties of three Parties of five
Iron 1 Rank Iron 2 Rank Iron 3 Rank
Iron 1 Rank Iron 1 to Silver 3 Rank Silver 3 Check Mark No restrictions2
Bronze 1 Rank Bronze 2 Rank Bronze 3 Rank
Silver 1 Rank Silver 2 Rank Silver 3 Rank
Iron 1 Rank Iron 1 to Gold 3 Rank Gold 3
Gold 1 Rank Gold 2 Rank Gold 3 Rank
Silver 1 Rank Silver 1 to Platinum 3 Rank Platinum 3
Platinum 1 Rank Platinum 2 Rank Platinum 3 Rank
Exactly one tier apart1
Diamond 1 Rank Diamond 2 Rank Diamond 3 Rank
Ascendant 1 Rank Ascendant 2 Rank Ascendant 3 Rank
Immortal 1 Rank Immortal 2 Rank Immortal 3 Rank
Exactly one tier apart1 Cross Cannot queue
Radiant Rank

1 One tier apart examples:

  • Check Mark A Platinum 2 Rank Platinum 2 player can queue with a Diamond 2 Rank Diamond 2 or a Gold 2 Rank Gold player of any tier
  • Check Mark An Immortal 1 Rank Immortal 1 player can queue with a Radiant Rank Radiant or an Ascendant 1 Rank Ascendant 1 player
  • Cross A Diamond 2 Rank Diamond 2 player cannot queue with an Ascendant 3 Rank Ascendant 3 or a Platinum 1 Rank Platinum 1 player
  • Cross An Ascendant 3 Rank Ascendant 3 player cannot queue with a Radiant Rank Radiant or a Diamond 2 Rank Diamond 2 player

2 Parties of five will be affected by reduced RR gains/losses should they meet one of these conditions:

  • 25% reduction:
    • if any players are outside of the usual restriction range made for parties of two and three.
      • Example: A Gold 1 Rank Gold 1 player can queue with a Diamond 3 Rank Diamond 3 and/or an Iron 1 Rank Iron 1 player, but the entire party of five will result in 25% RR reduction.
    • if any players are Immortal 1 Rank Immortal 1 to Immortal 3 Rank Immortal 3.
  • 75% reduction if any players are Radiant Rank Radiant. Having any players in the party that are below Radiant automatically reduces your potential RR by 90%.

Players in their placement games can still join a party with already ranked players, taking into account of the player's previous Act's rank(s) to determine whether or not the player can queue with the party within the restriction range.


List of Competitive Ranks
Rank Tier Image
Radiant Radiant Rank
Immortal 3 Immortal 3 Rank
2 Immortal 2 Rank
1 Immortal 1 Rank
Ascendant 3 Ascendant 3 Rank
2 Ascendant 2 Rank
1 Ascendant 1 Rank
Diamond 3 Diamond 3 Rank
2 Diamond 2 Rank
1 Diamond 1 Rank
Platinum 3 Platinum 3 Rank
2 Platinum 2 Rank
1 Platinum 1 Rank
Gold 3 Gold 3 Rank
2 Gold 2 Rank
1 Gold 1 Rank
Silver 3 Silver 3 Rank
2 Silver 2 Rank
1 Silver 1 Rank
Bronze 3 Bronze 3 Rank
2 Bronze 2 Rank
1 Bronze 1 Rank
Iron 3 Iron 3 Rank
2 Iron 2 Rank
1 Iron 1 Rank
Unranked TX CompetitiveTier Large 0

There are 9 ranks in VALORANT; Iron, Bronze, Silver, Gold, Platinum, Diamond, Ascendant, Immortal, and Radiant. Ranks Iron to Immortal are divided into three tiers from Tier 1 to Tier 3, with Tier 3 being the highest tier within a rank. Players ranked in Immortal and Radiant are featured on a leaderboard.

Rank Distribution

An example of a target Rank Distribution for an Act

The rank distribution is designed to have the average player holding a rank in Silver. Despite having target designs per act, the true distribution will never exactly fit this as the playerbase's skill is constantly shifting, though the true distribution should still be quite similar to it.[1]

To earn a rank, new players must first play 5 placement games. The highest rank a player can place after completing their placements is Ascendant 1.

Rank Rating (RR)[]

A player's position on the Competitive ladder will go up and down based on when they win or lose games, respectively. Players who perform exceptionally well in game will rank up faster than average. This will be shown to a player at the end of each game where their current rank is displayed. A Rank Rating (RR) will show how their rank has changed after the results of that game. Wins earn a player around 5-50 RR depending on rank (higher ranks usually earn less RR), and losses cost a player around 0-30 depending on rank (higher ranks lose more RR). Draws grant a maximum of 20 RR (based on performance, though only for Iron to Ascendant players).

Players who reach 100 RR in a tier are promoted to the next highest tier and start at a minimum of 10 RR in that tier. Players will reach 0 RR in a tier are at risk of demoting, but only once they have lost a game whilst at 0 RR. Their given RR in the lower tier will not go below 70. Immortal and Radiant players can earn beyond 100 RR to climb up the leaderboard, and the top 500 players in each region make up the Radiant rank, so long as they pass an RR threshold (depending on region):

  • LATAM, KR: 100 RR
  • BR: 200 RR
  • NA, APC: 300 RR
  • EU: 400 RR

At first, personal performance will have a greater impact on the early evaluation of a player's skill, but will decrease in importance compared to wins as they play more games in Competitive. For games that end in a draw, a player's rank may go up but it will never decrease.

Dodging in a Competitive lobby will punish the player with a small RR loss.

Players who are inactive (AFK) for 3+ rounds will incur a penalty of 8-12 RR, increasing the more rounds they are inactive for, in addition to any RR lost from losing the game (the total can exceed the maximum RR loss cap). Any players who are inactive for 6+ rounds will incur the maximum penalty of 12 RR, even if their team wins.

Act resets[]

For every new act, all players must play 1 placement game to earn them back their rank from the previous act, though this rank could potentially change based on the player's performance in that game. Placements don’t give progress towards earning an Act Rank. Immortal and Radiant players keep their position on the leaderboard but have their RR reduced by 90%, with all Radiant players also being demoted to Immortal.

When a new act is also part of a new episode, the number of placement games required is increased to 5 and the player's rank placement will be around a couple of tiers below where the player ended the prior Act.

Act Rank[]

A player's act rank tracks their proven skill, highest ranked win, and number of wins during an act. As players win games, they fill up a triangular graphic with smaller triangles that represents their ranked match wins based on the rank they ended that game with. Once the graphic is filled, wins at higher ranks will displace triangles from lower ranks.

The border surrounding this graphic also upgrades as players win more games. These upgrades occur at 9, 25, 50, 75, and 100 wins.

When an act ends, the player's Act Rank is preserved as a badge seen on the player's card in Competitive games and in their career history. This badge is equal to the the top Act Rank they reached in that act. For Immortal and Radiant players, this badge will also preserve their leaderboard position for that act.


Main article: Buddies → Competitive

At the end of each episode, players receive a buddy for a rank equal to the top Act Rank they reached in that episode. Players must obtain 9 wins in any of an Act within that Episode to be rewarded with the Buddies matching their rank.

Update History[]

  • Bugfix Fixed an issue where in the end-of-game summary, kills per round was incorrectly rounding up.


  • Buff Removed the rank restriction made to 5 stacks


  • Nerf Ascendant players and higher can only invite players with Platinum rank and higher to their competitive party.


  • Adjustment RR gains/losses adjusted slightly to depend more on match result and less on exact round differential.
  • Adjustment For players with a large divergence between their rank and MMR, RR gains/losses now depend more on individual performance instead of exact round differential .

v5.0 - Adjustment

  • Added New "Ascendant" rank with three tiers added between Diamond and Immortal
    • Ranked MMR targets that determine rank moved down for all ranks below Ascendant. Ranked targets for Immortal and Radiant moved up.
      • These are the cut-offs that say “You should be X MMR to reach this rank”. MMR targets determine RR gains and help push your rank to match your MMR.
    • Grouping restrictions for Ascendant are 3 ranks above or below the Ascendant ranked player
  • Highest placement rank raised from Diamond 1 >>> Ascendant 1
  • Five stacking 25% RR penalty raised from Diamond 3 >>> Immortal 1
  • Solo/Duo/5-stack restriction raised from Diamond 3 >>> Immortal 1


  • Buff Reduced Rank Rating gain/loss penalty for different 5-stack configurations
    • RR penalty for parties that do not include a Radiant player now fixed at 25%, no longer increasing by up to 90% based on skill disparity within the party
    • RR penalty for parties with Radiant players now fixed at 75%, no longer increasing by up to 90% based on how many non-Radiant players are in the party
  • Buff Tuned matchmaking to reduce wait time for 5-stacks


  • Adjustment Accounts that have yet to play in Ranked are now required to reach account level 20 before they are able to enter the Competitive queue
    • Accounts that have not yet reached level 20 but have already played Competitive before 4.0 will still be able to play Competitive.
  • Buff Minimum 5-stack RR reduction reduced from 50% >>> 25% for players in Diamond 2 and below
  • Buff Increased map weights to increase map variety and reduce the chances of map duplicates from match to match


  • Buff Rank restrictions on parties now removed if the party is a 5-stack
    • Nerf Rank Rating gains and losses will be reduced by 50-90% if the ranks within the stack are outside the rank restrictions rules applied to all other parties, depending on the rank disparity within the group (larger disparity results in a larger RR reduction).
      • These restrictions are instantly applied starting at 50% if any player in the stack is Diamond 3 or above
    • Nerf 90% RR reduction is applied to any 5-stack with a Radiant player unless all players in the party are Radiant, in which case RR reduction is reduced to 75% instead
  • Removed 4-stacks removed from Competitive


  • Adjustment Immortal rank once again divided into 3 tiers
  • Adjustment Updated Ranked grouping restrictions to accommodate return of Immortal 1/2/3:
    • Diamond 1 → Immortal 1
    • Diamond 2 → Immortal 2
    • Diamond 3 → Immortal 3
  • Adjustment Adjusted Competitive ranked distribution

v3.0 - Adjustment

  • Reduced the possibility of feeling “hard stuck” on older accounts. If your skill improves, your rank should properly reflect that, regardless of account age.
  • Matchmaking accuracy will improve across all ranks
  • Immortal+ RR can once again be slightly influenced by individual performance
  • Close games will have a smaller effect on RR gains and losses
  • Adjusted our RR curves, so climbing (or falling) should feel less volatile
  • Updated Rank distribution
  • Highest placement rank raised from Platinum 3 >>> Diamond 1
  • AFK RR penalty changed from 8 RR after 6 rounds >>> 8 RR after 3 rounds then increasing every round to a maximum of 12 RR after 6 rounds


  • Nerf Players will now receive a small RR penalty for dodging Competitive games

v2.04 - Adjustment

  • Placement games requirement changed from 5 every act >>> 1 between acts, 5 between episodes
  • Rank no longer lowered at the start of an Act
    • Radiant or Immortal ranks will keep their position on the leaderboard, but have their RR reduced by 90%, with all Radiant players bumped down to Immortal
    • You must finish your placement game to display on the Leaderboard again for the new Act
  • Achieving Radiant now requires both being in the top 500 players in your region, as well as having a minimum amount of RR (region-based)
  • Total amount of average RR gained per win/loss reduced by 5
  • RR amount for new tier upon being demoted reduced from 80 RR >>> 70 RR
  • You can now queue with a wider group of friends and teammates if you are at the lower ranks

v2.03 - Adjustment

  • AFK-ing in Competitive games for a prolonged period (currently defined as 6 or more rounds) will now result in a penalty of 8 RR points
  • Act Rank Badge rank changed from being based on ninth best win >>> highest rank win

v2.02/2.02 Competitive changes - Adjustment

  • Increased the effectiveness of Rank Rating convergence: players will now converge to their match making rating (MMR) faster, requiring less games to prove their rank
  • Players Iron through Diamond who perform exceptionally well in a match (weighed against their own average performance) will gain bonus Rank Rating
  • Diamond 3 ranks are now capped at a premade size of two

v2.0/Ep II Act I changes - Adjustment VALORANTs first new episode changes

  • Added New Competitive regional leaderboards for Immortal and Radiant players
  • Added End-of-episode Gun Buddies ranked rewards added
    • Gun Buddy rank is based on your highest Act Rank achieved during the Episode
  • Rank progress interface changed from Arrows >>> Progress bar and Rank Rating
  • Immortal tiers removed from Immortal 1/2/3 >>> Immortal
  • Players will no longer have their rank hidden for inactivity if they are in placements
  • Further distribution changes to make it easier to climb out of the lower ranks
    • Significantly reducing the number of Iron players and increasing the percentage of players in Bronze, Silver, Gold and Plat. Diamond and Immortal player distribution will stay largely the same. Radiant will be the top 500.
  • Immortal and Radiant ranks are now capped at a premade size of two
  • Rank for Act Rank rank triangles granted by wins changed from rank at start of game >>> rank at end of game
  • The number of placement games is now consistent for each Act, regardless if you’ve done initial placements or not
  • The highest rank you can earn with placements is now Platinum 3
  • Removed hiding players rank during an Act if they had not played for 14 days. Once a player has completed placements, rank will not reset or be hidden for the entire Act.


  • Adjustment Rank distribution updated to make it easier to climb out of the lower ranks

v1.10/Ep I Act III changes

  • Added You can now select your preferred server(s) to increase the chance of playing on those servers
  • Nerf Rank disparity for parties reduced from 6 tiers >>> 3 tiers
  • Nerf Immortal+ ranked changes no longer factor individual performance into the calculation


  • Added Remakes added
  • Added Act Ranks visuals have been updated to better differentiate wins at different rank tiers


  • Bugfix Nerf Fixed a bug that allowed progress towards competitive matchmaking for new players by forfeiting unrated games
    • Forfeited games will not count towards the Competitive requirement for the team who forfeited

v1.05/Ep I Act II changes - Adjustment VALORANTs first new act changes

  • Added Act Ranks added
  • Matchmaking now will have a higher chance to match solo and solo/duo players against similarly sized premade groups at the cost of queue times being slightly longer
  • Rank indicators modified on losses to provide more granularity into how your rank was changed:
    • Rating decreased slightly (1 down arrow)
    • Rating decreased (2 down arrows)
    • Rating greatly decreased (3 down arrows)
  • Match History will now show the rank you went into the match with for that game, versus the rank you ended the game with


  • Added Sudden Death replaced with Overtime

v1.02/Launch changes

Added Added post-Launch

  • Added Updated rank iconography
    • Clarity pass for rank colors so it's easier to distinguish between each rank
    • Visual polish pass for each Match Rating
  • Adjustment Name for top rank changed from VALORANT >>> Radiant
  • Adjustment Expanded skill disparity range for playing with friends in rank placements
    • You can now matchmake with your friends during placements even if they have a fairly large skill discrepancy


Removed Removed


Added First added


  • A concept for Competitive ranks had different rank names; Mercenary, Soldier, Veteran, Hero, Legend, Mythic, Immortal, and VALORANT, from lowest to highest. However, this system has never been used whilst the game has been available since its Beta. Of these names, only the Immortal rank name made it into the current version. The other ranks were renamed to match a metal/gemstone system commonly used in other games, including Riot's other games. The highest rank remained VALORANT during the Beta, but was renamed to Radiant once the game was launched to avoid confusion with the game title itself.
  • On April Fools 2021, all ranks were replaced with a Love Rank and Rank Rating was replaced with Love Rating. These were purely cosmetic changes that were displayed over a player's actual rank and RR changes for the day.
  • In July 2020, some players were affected by a bug that caused their visual rank icon to be replaced by an "Unused" rank icon instead.[2]